Article Abstract

Echocardiography to guide fluid therapy in critically ill patients: check the heart and take a quick look at the lungs

Authors: Federico Franchi, Luigi Vetrugno, Sabino Scolletta


Cardiac output (CO) is the major determinant of oxygen delivery (DO2) to organs. A low CO may be responsible for reduced DO2, which may lead, in turn, to tissue hypoperfusion and organ dysfunction and failure.