Article Abstract

Primary mediastinal myelolipoma: a case report and literature review

Authors: Qingtong Shi, Shu Pan, Yang Bao, Huangxin Fan, Yali Diao


Myelolipoma is a kind of rare benign tumour composed of mature adipocytes and hemopoietic elements, and is most often found in the adrenal glands. Primary mediastinal myelolipoma (PMM) more rarely happens and has no definite symptoms, and mediastinal masses are usually found in chest examination. The patients normally receive a surgical resection and have a favorable prognosis after postoperative pathological diagnosis. Here, we present the case of PMM, which was resected via video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and investigate recent correlative literatures to summarize its etiology, histopathology, differential diagnosis and therapeutic method. In this way, we aim to improve clinical doctors’ understanding of this disease.