Statin-ezetimibe versus statin lipid-lowering therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

Yun-Yan Dai, Hai-Shan Zhang, Xin-Gang Zhang, Qi-Gang Guan, Yuan Gao, Yu-Ze Li, Yue-Lan Zhang, Da-Lin Jia, Ying-Xian Sun, Guo-Xian Qi, Wen Tian


Background: Studies comparing the clinical efficacy and safety of intensive statin therapy with ezetimibe-statin combination therapy are still rare at present, especially in Asian population.
Methods: We enrolled 202 patients who suffered acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between May and July in 2016. Patients were allocated into three groups based on the lipid lowering strategy: moderate-intensity statin group (n=118), ezetimibe combined with moderate-intensity statin group (ezetimibe-statin combination, n=55) and intensive statin group (n=29). The lipid profiles and side effects were analyzed and compared among the patients in three groups at admission, 1 month and 3 months after PCI. The clinical outcomes of the patients were observed through 6-month follow-up.
Results: One month after PCI, the level of non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (non-HDL-C) was decreased by 41.9%, 21.6% and 29.8% by ezetimibe-statin combination therapy, moderate-intensity statin therapy and intensive statin therapy, respectively (P<0.05). The reduction percentages of TC and LDL-C were significantly higher in ezetimibe-statin combination group than in moderate-intensity statin group (P<0.001). The proportion of patients reaching LDL-C goal was higher in ezetimibe-statin combination group (69.1%, P=0.007) and intensive statin group (67.9%, P=0.047) compared with moderate-intensity statin group (46.9%) at 1 month after PCI. There was no significant difference among the three groups with respect to hepatic enzymes level, creatine kinase (CK) level and incidence of muscle symptoms.
Conclusions: The reduction percentage of non-HDL-C was larger in ezetimibe-statin combination group than intensive statin group. This finding suggested that statin/ezetimibe combination therapy could be an alternative to intensive statin therapy in Chinese patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.