Pediatric airway surgery
The management of pediatric airway pathology can be challenging and requires a dedicated team, consisting of thoracic surgeons, phoniatricians, logopedics, pediatricians and anesthetists. It necessitates a tailored treatment approach for each individual patient in order to address the minor variances that exist between cases. The majority of pediatric airway problems are a sequela of prematurity and prolonged postpartal intubation/tracheostomy. Surgical repair is often complicated by additional malformation or severe comorbidities. This comprehensive review should give an overview on most common airway problems in neonates and children as well as available surgical techniques.