Article Abstract

Chronic bronchitis is associated with severe exacerbation and prolonged recovery period in Chinese patients with COPD: a multicenter cross-sectional study

Authors: Ying Liang, Yahong Chen, Rui Wu, Ming Lu, Wanzhen Yao, Jian Kang, Baiqiang Cai, Xin Zhou, Zheng Liu, Ping Chen, Dejun Sun, Jingping Zheng, Guoyang Wang, Yulin Feng, Yongjian Xu

Abstract

Background: Chronic bronchitis (CB) is closely associated with the frequency and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation. However, little is known about the impact of CB on COPD exacerbations, severe and non-severe, and on recovery from an exacerbation.
Methods: We conducted a nation-wide multicenter cross-sectional survey in China between September 2007 and December 2008. Eleven hospitals participated in this study. Patients’ demographic information, presence of CB, overall numbers of COPD exacerbation and severe exacerbation leading to emergency visit, hospitalization and intensive care unit (ICU) stay in the past year, recovery period following the last exacerbation, and well- or poor-recovery were recorded.
Results: A total of 1,101 patients with COPD were enrolled and 890 (80.8%) had CB. Patients with CB reported more history of frequent exacerbations (≥2/patient/year) (59.6% vs. 50.7%, P=0.019) and severe exacerbation (% emergency visit ≥1: 28.0% vs. 16.6%, P=0.001; % hospitalization ≥1: 51.2% vs. 28.0%, P<0.001; %ICU stay ≥1: 6.5% vs. 1.9%, P=0.009). Recovery period following the last exacerbation was longer in patients with CB (19.0±16.2 vs. 15.2±14.7 days, P=0.003) and more patients with CB reported poor recovery (85.8% vs. 78.4%, P=0.003). Multivariate analyses showed that CB was independently associated with severe exacerbation requiring emergency visit (adjusted OR, 1.512, P=0.048) and hospitalization (adjusted OR, 2.031, P<0.001) and prolonged recovery period (adjusted regression coefficient 2.861, P=0.030).
Conclusions: CB is associated with frequent exacerbations of COPD in Chinese population, especially severe exacerbations requiring emergency visit and hospitalization admission. Additionally, CB significantly prolongs recovery period following COPD exacerbation.