Peeling back the onion: addressing nuances of CT screening for lung cancer

Frank C. Detterbeck

Abstract

At first glance, screening for lung cancer is straightforward. You can find lung cancer at an early stage with a CT scan, so if you do a lot of CT scans you will save a lot of lives. However, the devil is in the details. One of the problems is that a chest CT detects nodules in many patients; deciding when a nodule is just background noise or warrants closer attention is an important component of the screening process. Nuances of how to do this are still being developed.