Article Abstract

Determination of the intersegmental plane using the slip-knot method

Authors: Makoto Endoh, Hiroyuki Oizumi, Hirohisa Kato, Jun Suzuki, Hikaru Watarai, Akira Hamada, Katsuyuki Suzuki, Kenta Nakahashi, Mitsuaki Sadahiro


Background: Visualization of intersegmental planes in the lung is desirable for precise anatomical lung segmentectomy. We developed the slip-knot method for creating inflation-deflation lines. This study aimed to assess relevant data for thoracoscopic segmentectomy performed using this method.
Methods: In the slip-knot method, the objective segmental bronchus is looped with a monofilament thread. One end of the thread is then pulled during temporary bilateral ventilation, causing the knot to slip toward the bronchus. Thereafter, bronchial ligation is tightened to block the outflow of segmental air, ensuring that the segment remains expanded while the other reserved segments collapse on resumption of unilateral ventilation. Data from 221 patients who underwent thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy between 2010 and 2016 were analyzed.
Results: A total of 147 patients (67%) were indicated for the slip-knot method, and 74 cases (33%) were non-adaptive cases. Ninety six percent of 147 cases were well adapted to the slip-knot method, which allowed us to obtain good inflation-deflation line images to determine the intersegmental plane. The mean operative time was 171±51 min (range, 71–367 min). The mean duration of chest tube insertion was 1.5±1.2 days (range, 1–7 days). Three cases (2.0%) had prolonged air-leakage and one (0.7%) case had readmission for late air-leakage.
Conclusions: Our method enables determination of anatomical intersegmental planes using only one monofilament thread, thus facilitating thoracoscopic pulmonary anatomical segmentectomy.