Anaesthesia management for bronchoscopic and surgical lung volume reduction

Bastian Grande, Torsten Loop

Abstract

Optimizing the patient’s condition before the lung volume reduction (LVR) according to recommendations by American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation is mandatory. Implementation of a multimodal analgesia concept and the use short-acting anaesthetics enhances recovery and avoids postoperative pulmonary complications. Normovolemia, normothermia, lung protective ventilation and an evidence-based concept of airway management (i.e., double-lumen tube, bronchus blocker) are suggested for intraoperative management of surgical lung volume reduction (SLVR). General anaesthesia (using remifentanil, propofol and mivacurium) with an i-gel® supraglottic airway device should be used for bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR). Jet ventilation through rigid bronchoscopy or with a jet catheter may be an alternative concept. Experienced consultants should perform anaesthesia for LVR.