Article Abstract

Division of the intersegmental plane using electrocautery for segmentectomy in clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer

Authors: Mitsuyoshi Matsumoto, Koyo Shirahashi, Hirotaka Yamamoto, Yusaku Miyamaoto, Hiroyasu Komuro, Kiyoshi Doi, Hisashi Iwata


Background: Division of intersegmental planes is one of the important practical issues for segmentectomy to obtain feasible outcomes without relapse for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Almost all surgeons perform this procedure using a stapler. However, division of intersegmental planes for segmentectomy can also be performed by electrocautery. In this article, we demonstrate the merits and drawbacks of division of the intersegmental plane by electrocautery for segmentectomy.
Methods: Of those 125 patients who underwent segmentectomy with clinical stage I primary lung cancer, we compared cautery cases (n=50) with stapler cases (n=75). The cautery group included 29 cases (58.0%) with partial use of a staple at the end of division.
Results: Operative time was significantly longer in cautery cases (281±72 min) than stapler in cases (235±86 min; P=0.003). No difference in the duration of chest tube placement was evident between cautery (3.0±3.0 days) and stapler groups (2.8±1.7 days; P=0.613). However, delayed air leakage occurred significantly more frequently in cautery cases (14.0%) than in stapler cases (4.0%; P=0.048). Five-year overall survival (OS) in clinical stage I was 94.7% in cautery cases and 80.5% in stapler cases (log-rank P=0.047). Five-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 80.0% and 71.3%, respectively (log-rank P=0.075).
Conclusions: The merits of cautery division include the ability to achieve meticulous division of the intersegmental plane and good preservation of the shape of residual segments. Conversely, the drawbacks include prolonged air leakage. Pleural suture or closure of residual segments may be useful to prevent delayed air leakage.