Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy under intravenous sedation—tips and tricks
Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) is gaining acceptance and popularity amongst bronchoscopists as one of the tools to diagnose pulmonary nodules (PNs). Although the majority of ENBs in earlier studies were performed under general anaesthesia (GA), later reports suggest that the diagnostic yield of ENB under intravenous sedation (IVS) was comparable, and was time saving. ENB under IVS may potentially improve access of the techniques to practitioners and patients. However, it is technically challenging when compared to its performance under GA. This article reviews the techniques required for ENB under IVS to maximize its diagnostic yield and safety.