Article Abstract

The significance of perioperative coagulation and fibrinolysis related parameters after lung surgery for predicting venous thromboembolism: a prospective, single center study

Authors: Bo Tian, Chunfeng Song, Hui Li, Wenqian Zhang, Qirui Chen, Shuo Chen, Yili Fu, Xiaoxing Hu, Bin You, Tong Li, Bin Hu, Shengcai Hou

Abstract

Background: The high incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been perceived in post thoracic surgery patients. However, the significance of perioperative coagulation and fibrinolysis related parameters after lung surgery for VTE predicting is not clear. To investigate that, we conducted a prospective single center study.
Methods: A total of 111 patients undergoing lung surgery were enrolled in this study, included 52 primary lung cancer patients and 59 benign lung disease patients from July 2016 to March 2017. Preoperative and postoperative days 1, 3, and 5 coagulation and fibrinolysis related parameters were tested, including antithrombin (AT), fibrinogen degradation product (FDP), prothrombin time (PT), prothrombin time activity (PA), prothrombin time ratio (PR), international normalized ratio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), plasma fibrinogen (FBG), thrombin time (TT) and D-Dimer. The Doppler ultrasonography was performed before and after surgery for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) confirmation. Patients with new postoperative DVT, unexplained dyspnea, hemoptysis, chest pain, or high Caprini score (≥9) were received further computer tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) for pulmonary embolism (PE). We used the area under receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curve to discriminate patients between those who developed VTE and those who did not. Single factor analysis was utilized to define risk factors associated with VTE.
Results: The overall incidence of VTE was 16.2% (18/111). The incidence of VTE in primary lung cancer patients was 23.1% (12/52), much higher than that in benign lung diseases 10.2% (6/59), but did not reach statistical significance (P=0.066). Among 18 VTE patients, 83.3% was DVT, 16.7% was DVT + PE and 72.2% was muscular veins of the calf thrombosis. D-Dimer was much higher in VTE group than that in non-VTE group preoperatively and at postoperative days 1, 3 (0.64±0.24 vs. 0.33±0.06, P=0.007; 3.14±0.75 vs. 1.51±0.09, P=0.005, and 1.88±0.53 vs. 0.76±0.05, P=0.001, respectively). And the ROC curve areas of preoperative and postoperative days 1, 3 of D-Dimer were 0.70, 0.71 and 0.74, respectively. And FDP was much higher in VTE group than that in non-VTE group at postoperative day 3 (6.78±1.43 vs. 3.79±0.15, P=0.004). But AT, PT, PA, PR, INR, APTT, FBG and TT there were no significantly difference.
Conclusions: The overall incidence of VTE after lung surgery was 16.2%. The patients with preoperative high D-Dimer should receive VTE prophylaxis.