Article Abstract

Non-intubated anaesthetic technique in open bilobectomy in a patient with severely impaired lung function

Authors: Zsolt Szabó, Tamás Tanczos, Gábor Lebak, Zsolt Molnár, József Furák

Abstract

General anaesthesia has been the most commonly used method for almost all types of thoracic surgery. Recently, there has been a growing interest in non-intubated anaesthetic techniques. The rationale being, to prevent complications related to general anaesthesia and positive pressure ventilation such as barotrauma or ventilation-perfusion mismatch. We present a case with severely impaired forced expiration volume (26%), carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (26%) and VO2max (13.9 mL/kg/min). According to current guidelines, this patient was suitable to undergo one-lung ventilation only with high risk of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we chose the non-intubated technique for thoracotomy. Oxygenation was satisfactory throughout, the patient remained hemodynamically stable and the operation was uneventful. Oxygen supplementation was stopped from day 2 and he was discharged on day 7. To our knowledge, this is the first case report where a planned non-intubated method was applied for thoracotomy, and our results suggest that it might be a feasible and safe approach for open thoracotomy in difficult cases where severely impaired lung function indicates that one lung ventilation may carry significant risks.