Article Abstract

Surgery for hemoptysis in patients with benign lung disease

Authors: Ju Sik Yun, Sang Yun Song, Kook Joo Na, Seok Kim, Keun-Ho Jang, In Seok Jeong, Sang Gi Oh

Abstract

Background: Hemoptysis can be a life-threatening condition that requires urgent treatment. Surgery still plays an important role in managing this critical situation, although previous reports have reported high postoperative morbidity and mortality rates. We report our experience with surgical resection for hemoptysis caused by benign lung diseases.
Methods: We reviewed the retrospectively collected data from 94 patients undergoing pulmonary resection for various benign lung diseases with hemoptysis at a single institution from 2010 to 2016. Baseline characteristics, surgical factors, and postoperative outcomes (morbidity and mortality rates) were analyzed.
Results: The ratio of male to female patients was 1:1, and the mean age was 58.2±11.1 (range, 29–79) years. The etiology of hemoptysis included aspergilloma in 58 patients (61.7%), bronchiectasis in 10, tuberculosis in 7, necrotizing bronchiolitis in 6, and other inflammatory disease in 13. A total of 21 patients (22.3%) underwent emergency operation, and 73 (77.7%) had an elective operation. Pulmonary resection was performed by thoracotomy (n=53, 56.4%) and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) (n=41, 43.6%). Sublobar resection (n=50, 53.2%, segmentectomy in 19 and wedge resection in 31) was performed more often than lobectomy (n=35, 37.2%). Pneumonectomy was performed in 7 patients, and bilobectomy was performed in 2. Postoperative morbidity occurred in 23 patients (24.5%), with prolonged air leak being the most frequent complication (n=14, 14.9%). The in-hospital mortality rate was 3.2% (n=3). Complications were less frequent in patients undergoing an elective operation, VATS, and sublobar resection. Multivariate analysis showed that patients treated with VATS had a decreased risk of postoperative complications (odds ratio, 12.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.29–127.9; P=0.03).
Conclusions: Surgical resection for hemoptysis in patients with benign lung diseases is the mainstay of effective treatment with acceptable morbidity and mortality rates. If applicable, we recommend elective (planned) sublobar resection using VATS in order to improve postoperative outcomes.