Article Abstract

Xiphoid-sparing midline sternotomy reduces wound infection risk after coronary bypass surgery

Authors: Aref Rashed, Zsofia Verzar, Nasri Alotti, Karoly Gombocz

Abstract

Background: Because of its advantages, full midline sternotomy has remained the main approach for cardiac surgery. However, the development of post-sternotomy wound infections is its primary disadvantage. We evaluated the impact of xiphoid process (XIP)-sparing midline sternotomy regarding reducing the risk of deep sternal wound infections (DSWIs).
Methods: Data from 446 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting by one surgeon, from January 2007 through May 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into preliminary (from 2007–2011; n=202) and contemporary (January 2012–May 2017; n=244) groups. Traditional midline sternotomy was performed in the preliminary group, while xiphoid-sparing midline sternotomy was performed in the contemporary group. To adjust for differences in baseline and operative characteristics, the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was applied. The generalized linear model was used to compare xiphoid-sparing and conventional sternotomy regarding the development of sternal wound infections.
Results: The sternal infection rates were 0.8% and 4.5% in the xiphoid-sparing and standard sternotomy groups, respectively (P=0.014). After adjustment for the IPTW, the xiphoid-sparing group showed a decreased risk for DSWIs (odds ratio 0.171, 95% confidence interval, 0.036–0.806, P=0.026) compared to the traditional sternotomy group.
Conclusions: XIP-sparing midline sternotomy may be an alternative approach in coronary artery bypass surgery and seemed to reduce the risk of post-sternotomy wound infections in this study.