Article Abstract

Sternal resection and reconstruction for secondary malignancies

Authors: Wojciech Dudek, Waldemar Schreiner, Raymund E. Horch, Horia Sirbu

Abstract

Background: Limited data on sternal and/or anterior chest wall resections for secondary malignancies exist. The purpose of this study was to examine the perioperative outcomes and postoperative overall survival (OS) in patients who underwent sternal and/or anterior chest wall resections for secondary sternal tumors (SSTs).
Methods: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent resection of SSTs at single institution between 2000 and 2016 has been performed. OS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Results: Ten patients underwent sternal and/or anterior chest wall resection for SSTs with curative (70%) or palliative (30%) intent. Two (20%) patients underwent complete and 8 (80%) partial sternal and/or anterior chest wall resection. There were no perioperative deaths, major complications occurred in 3 (30%) patients. Tumor resection was complete (R0) in 5 (50%) patients. The 5-year OS rate was 40%. No OS difference in R0 vs. R1 resections was observed.
Conclusions: Sternal and/or anterior chest wall resections for SSTs can be performed with low morbidity and mortality. Complete SST resection does not assure favorable OS. Sternal resections can be considered palliative treatment option in patients with stable stage IV disease with isolated sternal involvement.