Pacemaker implantation after transcatheter aortic valve: why is this still happening?
During the past years, the industry and most transcatheter aortic valve operators have focused on reduction of paravalvular leaks rather than on the reduction of permanent pacemakers (PPM). However, since indication for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is moving toward a healthier and younger patient population, new PPMs may become more of an issue. Certain factors such as pre-existing conduction disorders or anatomical features cannot be changed. However, the amount of mechanical trauma to the conduction system and periprocedural medical management offers the potential for optimization. By optimizing our procedure, we may finally be able to achieve low, surgical-like, PPM rates.