The developing role of FDG PET imaging for prognostication and radiotherapy target volume delineation in non-small cell lung cancer
Advancements in functional imaging technology have allowed new possibilities in contouring of target volumes, monitoring therapy, and predicting treatment outcome in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Consequently, the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) has expanded in the last decades from a stand-alone diagnostic tool to a versatile instrument integrated with computed tomography (CT), with a prominent role in lung cancer radiotherapy. This review outlines the most recent literature on developments in FDG PET imaging for prognostication and radiotherapy target volume delineation (TVD) in NSCLC. We also describe the challenges facing the clinical implementation of these developments and present new ideas for future research.