Article Abstract

Design variations in vertical muscle-sparing thoracotomy

Authors: Noriaki Sakakura, Tetsuya Mizuno, Takaaki Arimura, Hiroaki Kuroda, Yukinori Sakao


Open thoracotomy continues to be the gold standard approach for thoracic surgery despite the recent developments in thoracoscopic and robot-assisted procedures. Vertical muscle-sparing thoracotomy (VMST) is a well-established technique (1-3) that has not attracted much attention in recent years.