Article Abstract

Design variations in vertical muscle-sparing thoracotomy

Authors: Noriaki Sakakura, Tetsuya Mizuno, Takaaki Arimura, Hiroaki Kuroda, Yukinori Sakao

Abstract

Open thoracotomy continues to be the gold standard approach for thoracic surgery despite the recent developments in thoracoscopic and robot-assisted procedures. Vertical muscle-sparing thoracotomy (VMST) is a well-established technique (1-3) that has not attracted much attention in recent years.