Article Abstract

A two-step surgical approach combining sternotomy and subsequent thoracotomy for locally advanced lung cancers requiring both right upper lung resection and superior vena cava reconstruction

Authors: Han-Yu Deng, Chang-Long Qin, Xiao-Ming Qiu, Xiao-Jun Tang, Da-Xing Zhu, Qinghua Zhou

Abstract

Background: Locally advanced lung cancers involving both right upper lung lobe and superior vena cava (SVC) requiring both lung resection and SVC reconstruction are generally deemed unresectable. However, previous evidence has proved that such patients could benefit from surgery if radical resection is achieved. Generally, a hemi-clamshell approach is adopted to complete such resection. However, it has the limitation of insufficient exposure of posterior mediastinum. Therefore, we introduced a two-step surgical approach combining sternotomy and thoracotomy for such lung cancers.
Methods: A two-step surgical approach combining median sternotomy and subsequent posterolateral thoracotomy, via which radical lobectomy with systematic lymphadenectomy and SVC reconstruction could be successfully achieved, was described.
Results: We have performed such surgery via the two-step surgical approach combining median sternotomy and subsequent posterolateral thoracotomy in five patients from January 2017 to March 2018. All those patients achieved radical resection of the lung cancer with lobectomy and systematic lymphadenectomy and SVC reconstruction with artificial blood vessels, and had an uneventful postoperative recovery without any major complications.
Conclusions: Our initial experience proved that this two-step surgical approach combining median sternotomy and subsequent posterolateral thoracotomy was safe and feasible for locally advanced lung cancers requiring both lung resection and SVC reconstruction.