A strategy for measuring health outcomes and evaluating impacts of interventions on asthma and COPD—common chronic respiratory diseases in Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases (GARD) countries

Teresa To, Alvaro A. Cruz, Giovanni Viegi, Rachel McGihon, Nikolai Khaltaev, Arzu Yorgancioglu, Paulo A. Camargos, Stefania La Grutta, Carlos E. Baena-Cagnani, Tari Haahtela, Nils E. Billo, Dean E. Schraufngael, Jean Bousquet


The use of standardized, evidence-based indicators is essential for the assessment of risk factors for chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) and their overall burden, as well as the evaluation of clinical and public health interventions across countries (1).