Article Abstract

Association of eosinophil-to-monocyte ratio with 1-month and long-term all-cause mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Authors: Xin Deng, Xiaoyan Wang, Li Shen, Kang Yao, Lei Ge, Jianying Ma, Feng Zhang, Juying Qian, Junbo Ge

Abstract

Background: To determine the relationship between eosinophil-to-monocyte ratio (EMR) on admission and one-month and long-term all-cause mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI).
Methods: A total of 426 consecutive STEMI patients treated with P-PCI were enrolled and categorized in terms of tertiles of EMR on admission between September 2015 and October 2017. Final follow-up for long-term outcomes was January 2017.
Results: As EMR decreased, all-cause mortality at 1 month (mean, 29.5±3.5 days) and at mean 14.1± 7.8 months follow-up increased (P=0.012, P=0.003, respectively). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed EMR was associated with 1-month and long-term all-cause mortality (P=0.048, P=0.015, respectively). In multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis, EMR was independently associated with one-month and long-term mortality (hazard ratio =0.097; 95% CI, 0.010–0.899; P=0.04; hazard ration =0.176; 95% CI, 0.045–0.694; P=0.013). The area under the curve of EMR for the prediction of 1-month and long-term total mortality in receiver operating characteristic analysis was 0.789 (95% CI, 0.658–0.921; P=0.003) and 0.752 (95% CI, 0.619–0.884; P=0.001), respectively.
Conclusions: EMR on admission was independently correlated with 1-month and long-term all-cause mortality in STEMI patients undergoing P-PCI, suggesting EMR as a potential simple, useful, and inexpensive index for risk stratification of STEMI patients.