Single-direction thoracoscopic lobectomy: left side
Lobectomy can be done either via thoracotomy or via video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) (1-3). In the recent years, VATS approach is adopted increasingly worldwide due to its advantages of less pain, lower complication rate, shorter hospital stay, and equivalent long term survival rate, comparing with thoracotomy (4-7). However, VATS lobectomy is complicated, especially VATS left upper lobe resection (8,9). The aim of this paper is to introduce the detailed procedures which presented in the videos of singledirection thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy and left lower lobectomy.