Article Abstract

Hematological indices as simple, inexpensive and practical severity markers of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a meta-analysis

Authors: Mindan Wu, Lingren Zhou, Ding Zhu, Tianwen Lai, Zhihua Chen, Huahao Shen


Background: Clinical detection of inflammatory markers is useful to assess the degree of nocturnal hypoxia and predict the presence of complications in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. Nowadays, some researchers proposed that hematological parameters could be substituted for novel disease-specific biochemical markers (such as C-reactive protein) because they were comparatively cheap, simple and practical. But there was a contradiction whether the hematological parameters were positively correlated with the OSAS severity.
Methods: Medical databases were searched included PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Clinical Trial, Embase and Google Scholar (up to March 29, 2018). We used weighted mean differences (WMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from random-effects model.
Results: Seventeen studies were included in this meta-analysis and results were presented by different hematological parameters. Pooled analysis showed that OSAS was associated with a high level of WBC (white blood cell, 11 studies, 2,206 subjects, WMD: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.31 to 0.85; P<0.0001), NLR (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, 5 studies, 1416 subjects, WMD: 0.46; 95% CI: 0.13 to 0.80; P=0.007), MPV (mean platelet volume, 8 studies, 1,854 subjects, WMD: 0.63; 95% CI: 0.29 to 0.98; P=0.0004), PDW (platelet distribution width, 6 studies, 1,911 subjects, WMD: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.47 to 1.06; P<0.00001), PLR (platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, 3 studies, 998 subjects, WMD: 21.76; 95% CI: 8.54 to 34.99; P=0.001), RDW (red cell distribution width, 5 studies, 1,701 subjects, WMD: 0.31; 95% CI: 0.11 to 0.51; P=0.002) and HCT (hematocrit, 3 studies, 662 subjects, WMD: 1.58; 95% CI: 0.52 to 2.64; P=0.003). But OSAS was associated with a low level of LYM (lymphocyte, 5 studies, 1,285 subjects, WMD: −0.27; 95% CI: −0.49 to −0.06; P=0.01). There was a gradual rising trend from mild OSAS to severe OSAS existed in all subgroups.
Conclusions: Hematological indices are comparatively Simple, Inexpensive and Practical Severity Markers of OSAS including WBC, LYM, NLR, MPV, PDW, PLR, RDW and HCT.