Article Abstract

On rough road of hypoplastic left heart syndrome after Norwood procedure

Authors: Chiara Marrone, Lorenzo Galletti


Norwood procedure is the most common surgical treatment strategy for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) (1). Although advances in surgical techniques and postoperative care have significantly improved the survival rates after Norwood, a significant proportion of children develop heart failure (HF) at different stages of palliation (1,2).