The methylation induced by protein arginine methyltransferase 5 promotes tumorigenesis and progression of lung cancer
Arginine methylation as a common pattern of post-translational modification is involved in many cellular biological processes. Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is a primary enzyme in charge of symmetric dimethylation (me2s) of arginine residues. Increasing literatures lead to the belief that PRMT5, as a potential oncogene, plays crucial roles in the tumorigenesis and progression of cancers. First of all, PRMT5 is overexpressed in several cancer cells, with various sub-cellular localization in different type of cells and different phases. Besides, PRMT5 participates in controlling cellular proliferation, differentiation, invasion, migration as well apoptosis through histone and other protein methylation. Moreover, PRMT5 is essential for growth and metastasis of lung cancer cells, and its overexpression indicates a poor clinical outcome of lung cancer. Therefore, in this review, we reviewed the substantial new literatures on PRMT5 and its functions, in order to highlight the significance of understanding this essential enzyme in lung cancer tumorigenesis and progression.