Article Abstract

Surgery of primary non-small cell lung cancer with oligometastasis: analysis of 172 cases

Authors: Zhe Wang, Shu-Geng Gao, Qi Xue, Xiao-Tong Guo, Li-Xu Wang, Xin Yu, Yi-Kun Yang, Ju-Wei Mu


Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with oligometastasis may benefit from local treatment. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of local surgical treatment with systematic chemoradiotherapy in NSCLC with oligometastasis.
Methods: Data from a total of 172 patients with NSCLC with oligometastasis were collected at our Cancer Hospital from January 2006 to December 2016. The patients were divided into two groups: group A (82 cases) underwent primary surgical treatment and adjuvant chemotherapy was performed after operation, while group B (90 cases) received systematic chemotherapy and local radiotherapy. The median survival time (MST) and the 5-year survival rate of the two groups were compared and analyzed. The effects of various pathological types, surgical methods of the primary tumors and the site of oligometastasis were also analyzed.
Results: The MSTs in groups A and group B were 48 months and 18 months, respectively, and the 5-year survival rates were 21.1% and 7.6%, respectively (P<0.05). In group A, the survival rates were higher in patients with adrenal metastasis than patients with metastasis in the brain, bone, the liver or in other oligometastatic patients (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the survival rate among the various pathological types or surgical methods of primary tumors (P>0.05).
Conclusions: Local surgical treatment of primary lesions in NSCLC significantly prolonged overall survival and 5-year survival rates of patients with NSCLC with oligometastasis.