Article Abstract

Initial clinical impact of inhaled nitric oxide therapy for refractory hypoxemia following type A acute aortic dissection surgery

Authors: Guo-Guang Ma, Guang-Wei Hao, Hao Lai, Xiao-Mei Yang, Lan Liu, Chun-Sheng Wang, Guo-Wei Tu, Zhe Luo

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the effect of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy on oxygenation and clinical outcomes in patients with refractory hypoxemia after surgical reconstruction for acute type A aortic dissection (TAAD).
Methods: A before-and-after interventional study was conducted in patients with refractory hypoxemia after surgical reconstruction for TAAD. Postoperative refractory hypoxemia was defined as a persistent PaO2/FiO2 ratio ≤100 mmHg despite conventional therapy. From January to November 2016, conventional treatment was carried out for refractory hypoxemia. From December 2016 to October 2017, on the basis of conventional therapy, we explored the use of iNO to treat refractory hypoxemia.
Results: Fifty-three TAAD patients with refractory hypoxemia were enrolled in this study. Twenty-seven patients received conventional treatment (conventional group), while the remaining 26 patients received iNO therapy. The PaO2/FiO2 ratio was significantly higher in the iNO group after treatment than in the conventional group when analyzed over the entire 72 hours. The duration of invasive mechanical ventilation was significantly reduced in the iNO group (69.19 vs. 104.56 hours; P=0.003). Other outcomes, such as mortality (3.85% vs. 7.41%, P=1.000), intensive care unit (ICU) duration (9.88 vs. 12.36 days, P=0.059) and hospital stay (16.88 vs. 20.76 days, P=0.060), were not significantly different between the two groups.
Conclusions: iNO therapy might play an ameliorative role in patients with refractory hypoxemia after surgical reconstruction for TAAD. This therapy may lead to sustained improvement in oxygenation and reduce the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation.

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