Article Abstract

Usefulness of impulse oscillometry for the assessment of bronchodilator response in elderly patients with chronic obstructive airway disease

Authors: Jin-Han Park, Jae Ha Lee, Hyo-Jung Kim, Nari Jeong, Hang-Jea Jang, Hyun-Kuk Kim, Chan Sun Park

Abstract

Background: Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a noninvasive and convenient technique to measure both airway resistance and reactance. This study aimed to evaluate whether IOS can be used to measure bronchodilator response (BDR) in elderly patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and also describe the difference between asthma and COPD.
Methods: Seventy patients (30 and 40 with asthma and COPD, respectively) over 65 years of age were enrolled. IOS and spirometry measurements were obtained before and after bronchodilator administration. Correlation analysis was used to compare the percentage changes in spirometry and IOS parameters after bronchodilator administration between the asthma and COPD groups.
Results: The changes in IOS parameters after bronchodilator administration were strongly correlated with changes in forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1) and forced expiratory flow at 25–75% (FEF25–75). However, the percentage changes in IOS parameters failed to discriminate between the asthma and COPD groups. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis of resistance at 5 and 20 Hz (R5–20) at the best cutoff (−15.4% change) showed both high sensitivity and specificity for BDR.
Conclusions: IOS serves as a reliable and useful technique for identifying BDR in elderly patients with chronic obstructive airway disease. There was a difference in IOS parameters between the asthma and COPD groups; however, it was difficult to distinguish between both diseases. Further larger studies are required to investigate the real implications of using IOS in the clinical practice.