Article Abstract

A novel fully covered self-expandable segmental metallic stents for the treatment of refractory esophageal stenosis

Authors: Yonghua Bi, Jianzhuang Ren, Jindong Li, Zepeng Yu, Xinwei Han, Gang Wu


Background: The conventional esophageal stent is not flexible enough for refractory or circuitous esophageal stenosis. After stent placement, the bending stress may stimulate tissue proliferation in both ends of the stent, causing restenosis, severe bleeding or fistula. A fully covered self-expandable segmental stent was designed and used to overcome such shortcoming. This study aims to study the safety and effectiveness of the fully covered self-expandable segmental metallic stents placement in palliation of dysphasia in patients with refractory esophageal stenosis.
Methods: Retrospective study of hospital records of a consecutive series of 24 patients who underwent placement of fully covered segmental stent from March 2015 to April 2018 was conducted. All procedure was performed under local anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance. Esophagography was performed by orally take of iodine contrast agent. A 5F catheter and a stiff guide wire were introduced in the esophagus. A fully covered segmental stent was delivered and implanted along the stiff guide wire. The upper endoscopy and chest computed tomography scan were used for the assessment of the location and length of stenosis on admission and during follow-up. The technical success and complications were collected and analyzed.
Results: Stent placement was successful in all patients without procedure-related deaths. Twenty-four covered segmental stents were implanted. A total of eight major complications (33.3%) were found, and stent migration was the most common complication (16.7%). The median follow-up time was 4.5 months (interquartile range: 0.8–14.0 months). Adjustment was required in 3 patients (12.5%) due to stent migration. The mean dysphagia score before stenting and end of follow-up was 3.3±0.5 and 1.0±1.6 (P<0.0001). Four covered segmental stents were removed due to stent migration or intolerance.
Conclusions: Stenting using novel fully covered self-expandable segmental metallic stent is safe and effective in dysphagia palliation of refractory esophageal stenosis.