Article Abstract

Favorable clinical application for segmental bronchial closure based on experiment results

Authors: Hiroaki Kuroda, Yusuke Sugita, Keita Nakanishi, Yuko Oya, Noriaki Sakakura, Yukinori Sakao

Abstract

Background: We previously reported the clinical application of powered vascular staple (PVS) for closure of subsegmental or segmental bronchus (SSB). This study aimed to measure breakdown pressure in experiment and to investigate bronchopleural fistula (BPF) after thoracoscopic segmentectomy (TS).
Methods: Part 1: a total of 30 cadaveric pigs were used, and bronchi were categorized into the following four groups: small [S, bronchial outer diameter (BOD) of 4–8 mm, n=8], medium (M, 9–10 mm, n=9), and large (L, >10 mm, n=13). We additionally added a single additional suture to compensate for weak sites with large BOD (group R, n=6). The pressure was slowly increased, and stump breakdown was observed. Part 2: we investigated the morbidity of BPF formation at follow-up of at least 6 months in a total of 217 patients.
Results: Part 1: the mean leak pressure was the highest in M, followed by groups S, R and L’. However, the significant difference was not found between S and R. Part 2: no BPF was observed, clinically.
Conclusions: Based on experimental results and clinical experience, the proper selection of PVS should contribute to the safety, feasibility, and success as SSB closure.