Article Abstract

Accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound in esophageal cancer staging

Authors: Timothy Krill, Michelle Baliss, Russel Roark, Michael Sydor, Ronald Samuel, Jenine Zaibaq, Praveen Guturu, Sreeram Parupudi

Abstract

Since its advent in the 1980s endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has played an important role in the diagnosis, staging, and therapeutic management of various gastrointestinal malignancies. EUS has emerged as a vital tool in the evaluation of esophageal cancer as it provides a detailed view of the layers of the esophageal wall and surrounding tissues. This permits determination of tumor invasion depth and local lymph node metastases. It is the most sensitive and specific method available for locoregional staging of esophageal cancer. The information obtained via EUS is vital in determining the appropriate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options. Thus, this article aims to present a review of the accuracy and utilization of EUS in the staging of esophageal cancer.