Article Abstract

Prolonged air leak after pulmonary lobectomy

Authors: Francesco Petrella, Lorenzo Spaggiari

Abstract

Prolonged air leak after pulmonary resection is defined as air leak from the residual pulmonary parenchyma until the fourth, fifth or seventh day after surgery, according to different classifications (1). It represents one of the most frequent adverse events after lung resection (2), affecting up to 25% of patients undergoing pulmonary resections (3). Prolonged air leak is frequently associated with several postoperative complications—ranging from simple pulmonary atelectasis to severe pneumonia and pleural empyema—thus causing prolonged hospital stay and higher hospital costs (4).