Prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, platelet-to-lymphocyte and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio ratios in patients operated on due to non-small cell lung cancer

Mariusz Łochowski, Barbara Łochowska, Izabela Zawadzka, Bartosz Cieślik-Wolski, Dominika Kozik, Józef Kozak


Background: The aim of the study was to determine a prognostic value of the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and the lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) ratios for survival of patients, operated on due to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: The study was conducted on 532 patients, operated on due to NSCLC, in stages IA–IIIA. A total of 174 females and 358 males, aged 36–84 years (the mean age: 63.6 years) were included in the study. The following factors were subject to a statistical analysis, conducted for determination of potential prognostic values of NLR, PLR and LMR ratios: age, sex, nicotinism, the number of leukocytes, neutrophils, monocytes, platelets, histopathological diagnosis, T category, N category, the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), kind of surgery, patient survival.
Results: The single-factor analysis revealed a relationship between NLR, PLR and LMR values, CCI values, the number of monocytes and the length of survival. The multi-factor analysis confirmed that for patients with expected 2-year survival, PLR above 138 (P=0.0008) is another negative prognostic factor, apart from the stage of the neoplastic disease and CCI above 4. For 5-year survival, such a relationship was not observed.
Conclusions: The PLR ratio is an independent and significant prognostic factor for expected, over 2-year survival of patients operated on due to NSCLC.