Article Abstract

Role of endoscopic transparent cap in managing pediatric foreign bodies in the entrance of the esophagus in a waking state

Authors: Yang Wang, Wei Chen

Abstract

Background: This study aims to investigate the effect and safety of a gastroscope plus transparent cap in treating pediatric foreign bodies in the entrance of the esophagus in a waking state.
Methods: A total of 47 pediatric cases with foreign bodies were randomly divided into two groups: transparent cap group (24 cases), and the control group (23 cases). In the former group, one transparent cap was first installed on top of the gastroscope. Then, the foreign body was extracted using the gastroscope with a transparent cap in a waking state. In the other group, the foreign body was extracted using a gastroscope without a transparent cap in a waking state. Then, the time of extracting the foreign body, the success rate of extracting the foreign body and complication rate were compared between these two groups.
Results: The time of extraction in the transparent cap group was 6.78±1.76 min, which was obviously shorter than that of the control group (11.41±4.12 min, P<0.05). In addition, the success rate of extraction in the former group (23/24, 95.8%) was higher than that of the latter group (17/23, 73.9%) (P<0.05), and local mucosal bleeding correlated with the endoscopic operation in the former group was lower than that of the latter group (P<0.05).
Conclusions: The use of a transparent cap could shorten the time of extraction and improve the success rate of extraction through a gastroscope in treating pediatric foreign bodies in the entrance of the esophagus in a waking state. This is an effective and safe treatment approach for pediatric foreign bodies in the entrance of the esophagus.