Article Abstract

Efficacy and safety of bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy in symptomatic brain metastases from lung adenocarcinoma: a retrospective analysis

Authors: Qiong Zhan, Feng Miao, Ruofan Huang, Xinli Zhou, Mengxi Ge, Xiaohua Liang

Abstract

Background: Currently, the treatment of symptomatic brain metastases from lung adenocarcinoma has remained difficult. Bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy is one of the standard treatments of lung adenocarcinoma. This study was designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy in symptomatic brain metastases from lung adenocarcinoma that are not suitable for local treatments, and to explore the predictive value of baseline serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for the treatment.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 14 consecutive patients, between Jan 2015 and Jul 2017, with brain metastases from lung adenocarcinoma who received bevacizumab and chemotherapy to determine efficacy and toxicity. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival curves, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by Cox proportional hazard model. The primary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR) and intracranial ORR (iORR). The secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), intracranial PFS (iPFS), overall survival (OS) and disease control rate (DCR).
Results: The efficacy of 12 patient was evaluated. Overall ORR was 25% (3/12) and the iORR of brain lesions was 33.3% (4/12). DCR was 75% (9/12). The median OS was 18.3 months, the median PFS was 6.7 months, and the median iPFS was 12 months. After 2 cycles of bevacizumab, 10 patients showed improved symptoms of central nervous system (CNS), and the symptom control rate was 83.3% (10/12). Head MRI showed that edema in the brain was greatly reduced in 6 patients, resulting in the lessened usage of dexamethasone. iPFS was significantly shorter in high VEGF group (3.6 vs. 8.0 m, P=0.02), and multivariate analysis showed a significant correlation between iPFS and serum baseline VEGF level (P=0.023). The most commonly adverse events of bevacizumab included leukopenia [5 (35.7%)], fatigue [3 (21.4%)], thrombocytopenia [3 (21.4%)], anemia [2 (14.3%)], which were mostly degree I and II.
Conclusions: This study showed bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy could effectively control intracranial lesions, relieve symptoms, and improve the quality of life and survival of patients with brain metastases from lung adenocarcinoma. Serum baseline VEGF may be a predictor of efficacy of bevacizumab plus chemotherapy in the treatment of brain metastases from lung adenocarcinoma.