Article Abstract

Expression and significance of c-kit and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) molecules in thymic epithelial tumors (TETs)

Authors: Zhigang Wu, Songtao Xue, Bin Zheng, Rongjin Ye, Guobing Xu, Shuliang Zhang, Taidui Zeng, Wei Zheng, Chun Chen

Abstract

Background: To investigate the expression and significance of c-kit and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) molecules (E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Twist, Snail) in thymic epithelial tumors (TETs).
Methods: The tissue microarray technology and immunohistochemistry MaxVisionTM-use kit were used to detect the expression of c-kit and EMT molecular markers in 150 cases of paraffin sections of TET tissue and analysis the correlation between c-kit and EMT molecules and explore the malignancy and the relationship of clinicopathological parameters between c-kit, EMT molecules and TETs.
Results: The expression difference of c-kit and EMT molecular markers (E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail, Twist) in TETs subtypes was statistically significant (P<0.01) and their positive expression rate of thymic carcinoma was significantly higher than that in thymoma, and the difference was statistically significant, respectively (P<0.01). There is a negative correlation between the expression of c-kit and E-cadherin as well as a positive correlation between the expression level of c-kit, N-cadherin, Twist, and Snail. Furthermore, E-cadherin was negatively correlated with N-cadherin, Twist, and Snail while N-cadherin expression was positively correlated with Twist, Snail.
Conclusions: Five indicators (c-kit, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Twist, and Snail) may determine the malignancy of TETs, especially for distinguishing thymoma and thymic carcinoma.