Management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease—A position statement of the South African Thoracic Society: 2019 update

Mohamed Sabeer Abdool-Gaffar, Gregory Calligaro, Michelle Lianne Wong, Clifford Smith, Umesh Gangaram Lalloo, Coenraad Frederik Nicolaas Koegelenberg, Keertan Dheda, Brian William Allwood, Akhter Goolam-Mahomed, Richard Nellis van Zyl-Smit


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a significant cause of death and disability in both developed and developing countries. It is increasing in frequency and demands increasing utilisation of healthcare resources.