Postoperative pain management

Alexandros Kolettas, George Lazaridis, Sofia Baka, Ioannis Mpoukovinas, Vasilis Karavasilis, Ioannis Kioumis, Georgia Pitsiou, Antonis Papaiwannou, Sofia Lampaki, Anastasia Karavergou, Athanasia Pataka, Nikolaos Machairiotis, Nikolaos Katsikogiannis, Andreas Mpakas, Kosmas Tsakiridis, Nikolaos Fassiadis, Konstantinos Zarogoulidis, Paul Zarogoulidis

Abstract

Postoperative pain is a very important issue for several patients. Indifferent of the surgery type or method, pain management is very necessary. The relief from suffering leads to early mobilization, less hospital stay, reduced hospital costs, and increased patient satisfaction. An individual approach should be applied for pain control, rather than a fix dose or drugs. Additionally, medical, psychological, and physical condition, age, level of fear or anxiety, surgical procedure, personal preference, and response to agents given should be taken into account. The major goal in the management of postoperative pain is minimizing the dose of medications to lessen side effects while still providing adequate analgesia. Again a multidisciplinary team approach should be pursued planning and formulating a plan for pain relief, particularly in complicated patients, such as those who have medical comorbidities. These patients might appear increase for analgesiarelated complications or side effects.