Article Abstract

Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) review of a lifesaving technology

Authors: George Makdisi, I-wen Wang

Abstract

Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) indications and usage has strikingly progressed over the last 20 years; it has become essential tool in the care of adults and children with severe cardiac and pulmonary dysfunction refractory to conventional management. In this article we will provide a review of ECMO development, clinical indications, patients’ management, options and cannulations techniques, complications, outcomes, and the appropriate strategy of organ management while on ECMO.