Article Abstract

Acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by Mycoplasma pneumonia without elevated pulmonary vascular permeability: a case report

Authors: Naoki Takahashi, Tsutomu Shinohara, Rie Oi, Muneyuki Ota, Shinichi Toriumi, Fumitaka Ogushi

Abstract

Sporadic patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae have been reported. However, knowledge about the pathophysiology and pharmacological treatment of this condition is insufficient. Moreover, the pulmonary vascular permeability in ARDS related to M. pneumoniae infection has not been reported. We report a case of ARDS caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae without elevated pulmonary vascular permeability, which was successfully treated using low-dose short-term hydrocortisone, suggesting that pulmonary infiltration in ARDS caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae does not match the criteria of permeability edema observed in typical ARDS.