Despite all available preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures,
tuberculosis still represents a major global health issue. In 2010,
WHO reported 9 million TB patients, 80% of whom were in the most
productive age. Of all TB patients, 1.7 million died.
It is estimated that daily about 4,700 TB patients die in the world.
Tuberculosis is the third major death cause of productive females.
The Ministry of Health project, TB Control in Serbia”funded by
Global Fund for Fighting AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM),
through directly observed treatment strategy (DOTS), started in Serbia
in 2004. Its main objective was to reduce the TB incidence in a five-year
period from 37 to 25 patients per 100.000 inhabitants until 2009, and
finally reach the incidence of 21/100,000 people until 2015, The settled
goals have been achieved much earlier. The TB incidence of 24, 23 and
18/100,000 people were reported in 2008, 2009 and 2011 respectively.
In the forthcoming period, the project “TB Control in Serbia” will focus on risk groups and adequate treatment of MDR TB. The
risk groups include people to whom standard health care services are
unavailable, and those exposed to a higher risk of TB. Among these, the
effects of the disease may be increased by other factors, such as poverty
and malnutrition. The imprisoned, HIV infected, AIDS patients, drug
addicts and people in methadone centers are at a particular risk of TB.