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Multi-dimensional printing in thoracic surgery: current and future applications

	author = {Jackson K. S. Kwok and Rainbow W. H. Lau and Ze-Rui Zhao and Peter S. Y. Yu and Jacky Y. K. Ho and Simon C. Y. Chow and Innes Y. P. Wan and Calvin S. H. Ng},
	title = {Multi-dimensional printing in thoracic surgery: current and future applications},
	journal = {Journal of Thoracic Disease},
	volume = {10},
	number = {6},
	year = {2018},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Three-dimensional (3D) printing has been gaining much attention in the medical field in recent years. At present, 3D printing most commonly contributes in pre-operative surgical planning of complicated surgery. It is also utilized for producing personalized prosthesis, well demonstrated by the customized rib cage, vertebral body models and customized airway splints. With on-going research and development, it will likely play an increasingly important role across the surgical fields. This article reviews current application of 3D printing in thoracic surgery and also provides a brief overview on the extended and updated use of 3D printing in bioprinting and 4D printing.},
	issn = {2077-6624},	url = {}