%0 Journal Article %T Design variations in vertical muscle-sparing thoracotomy %A Sakakura, Noriaki %A Mizuno, Tetsuya %A Arimura, Takaaki %A Kuroda, Hiroaki %A Sakao, Yukinori %J Journal of Thoracic Disease %D 2018 %B 2018 %9 %! Design variations in vertical muscle-sparing thoracotomy %K %X Open thoracotomy continues to be the gold standard approach for thoracic surgery despite the recent developments in thoracoscopic and robot-assisted procedures. Vertical muscle-sparing thoracotomy (VMST) is a well-established technique (1-3) that has not attracted much attention in recent years. %U http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/23084 %V 10 %N 8 %P 5115-5119 %@ 2077-6624