Review Article

Hybrid repair of aortic arch aneurysms: a comprehensive review

Steve Xydas, Christos G. Mihos, Roy F. Williams, Angelo LaPietra, Maurice Mawad, S. Howard Wittels, Orlando Santana


Open total arch replacement (TAR) has become safer with refinements in cerebral protection techniques. The frequent extension of aortic arch aneurysms into the descending thoracic aorta customarily requires a two-staged conventional elephant trunk procedure, carrying relatively high mortality and morbidity risks and high rates of rupture in the interval between the two open surgeries. The technical demands and invasive nature of TAR has therefore precluded many high-risk patients from being surgical candidates for aneurysm repair. As a result, hybrid techniques and approaches to the aortic arch have become common since the adoption of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and advancement in the commercial grafts that are available. The results of hybrid aortic arch repairs have been encouraging, though with higher rates of re-interventions than TAR and variable reported rates of stroke and spinal cord ischemia. The aim of this publication is to review the current literature on hybrid repair of aortic arch aneurysms.

Download Citation