Original Article

Selective gene amplification to detect the T790M mutation in plasma from patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have developed epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) resistance

Shingo Nishikawa, Hideharu Kimura, Hayato Koba, Taro Yoneda, Satoshi Watanabe, Tamami Sakai, Johsuke Hara, Takashi Sone, Kazuo Kasahara, Shinji Nakao


Background: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation is associated with resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, tissues for the genotyping of the EGFR T790M mutation can be difficult to obtain in a clinical setting. The aims of this study were to evaluate a blood-based, non-invasive approach to detecting the EGFR T790M mutation in advanced NSCLC patients using the PointMan™ EGFR DNA enrichment kit, which is a novel method for the selective amplification of specific genotype sequences.
Methods: Blood samples were collected from NSCLC patients who had activating EGFR mutations and who were resistant to EGFR-TKI treatment. Using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from plasma, EGFR T790M mutations were amplified using the PointMan™ enrichment kit, and all the reaction products were confirmed using direct sequencing. The concentrations of plasma DNA were then determined using quantitative real-time PCR.
Results: Nineteen patients were enrolled, and 12 patients (63.2%) were found to contain EGFR T790M mutations in their cfDNA, as detected by the kit. T790M mutations were detected in tumor tissues in 12 cases, and 11 of these cases (91.7%) also exhibited the T790M mutation in cfDNA samples. The concentrations of cfDNA were similar between patients with the T790M mutation and those without the mutation.
Conclusions: The PointMan™ kit provides a useful method for determining the EGFR T790M mutation status in cfDNA.

Download Citation