Original Article

Clinical significance of Glasgow Prognostic Score in patients with tuberculous pleurisy

Hye Seon Kang, Hwa Young Lee, Jung Im Jung, Ju Sang Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Seung Joon Kim, Seok Chan Kim, Soon Seog Kwon, Young Kyoon Kim, Ji Young Kang


Background: The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) reflects the host systemic inflammatory response and is a validated, independent prognostic factor for various malignancies. We investigated the clinical significance of the GPS in patients with tuberculosis (TB) pleurisy, focusing on treatment outcomes including paradoxical response (PR).
Methods: This was a retrospective study performed between January 2010 and December 2015 in two referral and university hospitals in South Korea, with intermediate incidences of TB. In all, 462 patients with TB pleurisy were registered in the study. The patients were classified into three groups based on GPS score, as follows: (I) GPS of 2, elevated CRP level (>1.0 mg/dL) and hypoalbuminemia (<3.5 g/dL); (II) GPS of 1, elevated CRP level or hypoalbuminemia; and (III) GPS of 0, neither elevated CRP level nor hypoalbuminemia.
Results: A total of 367 patients with TB pleurisy were finally included. PR occurred in 102 (27.8%) patients after a mean of 75 days following initiation of anti-TB treatment. The proportion of PR occurrence was significantly lower in the GPS 2 group (P=0.007). Successful treatment outcomes including cure and completion were also significantly lower in the GPS 2 group (P=0.001), while all-cause mortality and TB-specific mortality were higher in the GPS 2 group (P=0.001 and <0.001, respectively). Old age over than 65 years old was an independent predicting factor for high mortality and lower PR occurrence. However, the TB relapse rate was not different among the three GPS groups.
Conclusions: Higher GPS value and elderly age were identified as prognostic factors for poor outcomes in TB pleurisy and as predicting factors for lower PR occurrence. More prospective studies are needed to clarify the utility of GPS in patients with TB pleurisy.

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