Subxiphoid approach for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: an update

Chien-Hung Chiu, Yin-Kai Chao, Yun-Hen Liu


The transthoracic video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is considered as standard operation for various thoracic diseases. With the development of single-incision VATS, the thoracic surgery becomes less traumatic. However, chronic chest wound pain still an issue despite the less invasive approach. Therefore, subxiphoid VATS was proposed to overcome this problem. In this article, we review current applications, pros and cons, and potential developments of VATS through subxiphoid approach.