Article Abstract

Acute respiratory distress syndrome: new definition, current and future therapeutic options

Authors: Vito Fanelli, Aikaterini Vlachou, Shirin Ghannadian, Umberto Simonetti, Arthur S. Slutsky, Haibo Zhang

Abstract

Since acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was first described in 1967 there has been large number of studies addressing its pathogenesis and therapies. Despite this intense research activity, there are very few effective therapies for ARDS other than the use of lung protection strategies. This lack of therapeutic modalities is not only related to the complex pathogenesis of this syndrome but also the insensitive and nonspecific diagnostic criteria to diagnose ARDS. This review article will summarize the key features of the new definition of ARDS, and provide a brief overview of innovative therapeutic options that are being assessed in the management of ARDS.