Article Abstract

Simple to simplest: the tubeless technique

Authors: Jingpei Li, Jun Liu, Lindsey Hamblin, Hui Liu, Lixia Liang, Qinglong Dong, Jianxing He


Immediate recovery from thoracic surgery, twenty years ago, this was only a dream of thoracic surgeons. However, in 2016 we have seen the development of techniques culminate to take what may have been a 5-day recovery 20 years ago (1), to immediate patient ambulation and oral intake post operatively and patient discharge within 24 hours (2).