Transarterial embolization of intralobar pulmonary sequestration in a young adult with hemoptysis
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital malformation characterized by the presence of dysplastic lung that does not communicate with the tracheobronchial tree, and has aberrant systemic arterial supply. While most are asymptomatic, they rarely can present with hemoptysis, which has been traditionally managed with surgical resection of the sequestration. We report a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with acute large-volume hemoptysis on a background of recurrent minor episodes of hemoptysis, due to intralobar sequestration. He was successfully treated with transarterial embolization with a combination of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles, gelfoam and coils. Transarterial embolization can be effective in managing emergent hemoptysis from pulmonary sequestration.